Grievances are expressions of resentment against specific acts of omissi, A short note on Concept and Origin of Citizen’s Charter: It has been recognised world over that good governance is essential for sustainable develop, India more corrupt than China, better than Pak: Transparency International In the Corruption Perception Index for 2017, India was ranked at the 81st p, What is Governance? Aurobindo had a versatile brilliance. Renowned for his p, Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda was born in 1863 in Calcutta in an affluent family. Even if we cannot practice it in full, we must try to understand its spirit and, Buddha | Ethics moral thinkers Ethics moral thinkers :Buddhism is a set of moral guidelines and practices which, if followed, can bring people to the, Ethics lectures for UPSC | Ethics lecture series  Origin of Ethics -Divine command theory and Natural Law theory N1 Divine command theory (also know, Copyrights © all rights reserved with BRAINYIAS 2011-2020, Home : About Us : How it Works : Membership Plans : Youtube Videos : Online Query : Follow Us : What's New. Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes for Essay – UPSC Express. On June 16, 1925, freedom fighter Chittaranjan Das passed away. This was the first political assassination of British officer post-1857. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh 1872-1950. Aurobindo Ghosh was a great poet, a thoughtful thinker, a distinguished metaphysician, a great prophet and a passionate patriot. He was assassinated in London by Madan Lal Dhingra in the evening of 1 July 1909. Revolutionaries are those people who believed in overthrowing the British government in India by means of mass movements. In order to understand the concept of Good Governance, let’s first understand the concept of Governance: The concept of “g, What is Bureaucracy? Sri Aurobindo, sri, 1872-1950. Douglas Kingsford was a British Chief Magistrate who was the target of the bomb thrown at Muzaffarpur. Central Assembly Bomb Case (1929) and the Lahore Conspiracy Case (1931). He is best remembered for being a spiritual reformer apart . For Along with 21 revolutionaries, they started to … Aurobindo Ghosh Sri Aurobindo was renowned and important personality in the history of the Indian resurgence and Indian nationalism. Elephant corridors are narrow strips of land that connect two large habitats of elephants. He “based his claim for freedom for India on the inherent right to freedom, not on any charge of misgovernment or oppression”. Match List-I and II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: [1999] List-I List-II. Sri Aurobindo looked at the concept of freedom first from the perspective of an innovative political leader. The members of Samiti, mostly young students were trained in military drill, boxing, swordplay and other kinds of exercise. His writings in this period must be visualized against the political background of India in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Savarkar. (Answer in 250 words) Many are scared because of the vast syllabus, particularly ancient and medieval history. It gives access to the information about public offices, Whistle Blowing Who is a whistle blower? Consider the following statements regarding Elephant Corridors. (a) Aurobindo Ghosh (b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (c) Lala Lajpat Rai (d) Mahatma Gandhi. Work culture is a concept which deals in the study of: Beliefs, thought processes, attitudes of the employees. As against this, western philosophy managed to retain its dynamism and continued to grow. Download PDF notes. (a) Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneshwar ... Aurobindo Ghosh’s inability to be … Joshi. Barin Ghosh and Bagha Jatin were the main leaders. 2. (a) Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneshwar ... Aurobindo Ghosh’s inability to be … This change was affected by the beginning of the belligerent nationalist thought of Lokmanya Tilak who declared that swaraj was his birth right and Bipin Chandra Pal who demanded “complete autonomy” from Britain. (c) Aurobindo Ghosh (d) Lala Lajpat Rai 5. According to him, India was like his mother and hence, he was highly dedicated to her. Classroom Super 50 batch starting on 15th July. SRI AUROBINDO GHOSH (1872-1950) Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was born in Kolkata in 1872. Aurobindo had a versatile brilliance. This transition from the Eternal Spirit to the multiplicity of the phenomenal world is what Aurobindo calls Supermind. India of the ages is not dead nor has she spoken her last creative word; she lives and has still something to do for herself and the human peoples. However, none went as far as Aurobindo in pronouncing the legality and necessity of complete independence. Indian House in New York by Barkatullah and S.L. Sri Aurobindo was renowned and important personality in the history of the Indian resurgence and Indian nationalism. Unlike analytical philosophers, they avoid hair-splitting an, Normative Ethics Theories There are three important normative ethics theories- Virtue Ethics Consequentialism (prominently utilitarianism) Deontologic, Defining Persuasion: Process aimed at changing a person’s or a group’s attitude or behavior toward some idea, object, event or other perso, RTI- Right to Information Right to Information RTI is another empowering Act for the citizens. In the 1908 Alipore Bomb Case, Das defended Aurobindo Ghosh and gained fame among Indians. In this article, we will be discussing all important revolutionary movements which are very important for different competitive exams like UPSC, State PCS etc. This movement was planned to temper the loyalty of Indian troops, form secret societies and assassinate British officials etc. Basical,  As per the Second Administrative Reforms Commission, the foundational values of the service are Integrity Objectivity Impartiality Dedication to pub, Context In light of Tata, Infosys, ICICI & PNB bank corporate governance episodes lately, the debate around transparency, role of Independent D, Value Conflicts A value conflict occurs when individuals or groups of people hold strong personal beliefs that are in disagreement within themselves o, Intelligence Intelligence is a set of cognitive abilities which allow us to acquire knowledge, to learn and to solve problems. However, later on, according to Aurobindo, the Indian philosophical tradition became narrow in viewpoint and lost its enthusiasm and vitality. Best self study portal recommended by toppers and students which has free test series, current affairs, NCERT books and video tutorials from best teachers. Romain Rolland stated that Sri Aurobindo was “the highest synthesis of the genius of Asia”. 13. They were against the atrocities committed by the British during the Plague epidemic in Pune. (UPSC CSAT 2016) Introduction of communalism into Indian politics by Lord Minto. Extremists’ lack of faith in the capacity of the moderates to negotiate with the British Government. What are its origins? In his writing, ‘The longing to be free’, he explained so nicely that masses was influenced by his great opinion. This period of his activity from 1906-1910 visualized as a complete change of India’s political scene. Watch Brainy IAS Video classes at my Youtube channel, Social contract, in political philosophy, an actual or hypothetical compact, or agreement, between the ruled and their rulers, defining the rights, Codes of Conduct A code of conduct is a set of rules that outline the social standards and rules and responsibilities of, or proper practices for, an, Code of Ethics refers to a set of guidelines to bring about acceptable behaviours in members of a particular group, association or profession. Aurobindo’s Views on the Indian National Congress: When Aurobindo returned from England, he perceived the political scene and expressed his views through his literatures in journals like ‘Bande Mataram’. The book enlightens the different processes of Sri Aurobindo’s conception of the spiritual evolution. The great European theorists from Homer to Go’ethe influenced him greatly during his formative period and the study of Geeta, Upanishads and Vedanta had a profound impact on his political thinking. Aurobindo had a v, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam A.P.J. It is neither a figure of speech nor the creation of mind. After the raid, Surya Sen hosted the Indian Flag at the police armoury. The primary requisite for national progress, national reform, is the habit of free and healthy national thought and action which is impossible in a state of servitude.”. Indian Economy Practice Sets for WBCS, SSC, Rail, UPSC Exam P9. He was also motivated by the significant vitality and diversity of the lndian intellectual tradition. Case of a train robbery near Kakori in Uttar Pradesh. He was: Aurobindo Ghosh; Bipin Chandra Pal; Lala Lajpat Rai; Motilal Nehru Aurobindo offered an element of spiritualism to nationalism. Sri Aurobindo. On the occasion of the transfer of British capital from Calcutta to Delhi, a bomb was thrown into the viceroy’s carriage. Sri Aurobindo, born as Aurobindo Acroyd Ghose, was an eminent nationalist, philosopher, yogi, guru and a poet. He has synthesized all philosophies of both east and west into an integrated philosophy. He adored India as a Mother Goddess, and advised the young patriots to work for their nation which is their mother. It is something more than a geographical unit or a figment of people’s imagination. His concept of spiritual nationalism and divinity of motherland. The government came down with heavy measures, sentenced to imprisonment, deportation to Andaman. Emperor vs Aurobindo Ghosh and others, colloquially referred to as the Alipore Bomb Case, the Muraripukur conspiracy, or the Manicktolla bomb conspiracy, was a criminal case held in India in 1908.⁣ It was “the first state trial of any magnitude in India”.⁣ The beginning The jugantar party was established by leaders like Aurobindo Ghosh, his brother Barin Ghosh, Bhupendranath Datta, Raja Subodh Mallik in April 1906. from 1910 onwards reveal clearly the need for humanity to return to the spiritual motivations. How to revise history and Art and culture for Prelims 2020 in the last 10 days By Santosh Sir. Aurobindo was heavily influenced by the western philosopher Henri Bergson (1859-1941), and he created an amalgamation of Bergson’s evolutionary view and the Upanisads. He believed that the nation is not just a piece of land nor a mass of human beings. Chandrashekhar Azad also died the same year in February in the gun battle with the police in Allahabad. It was due to many factors– The Indian Council Act 1892 did not satisfy the aspirations of even the Moderates. Śrī Arabinda 1872-1950. He was a prolific writer and poet. Attempt to raid the police armoury and auxiliary forces armoury from Chittagong (now in Bangladesh). NOTE: Anushilan Samiti led by nationalists such as Aurobindo Ghosh and his Brother Barindra Ghosh. UPSC IAS Prelims 2020: Questions Based on History in 2015. He critically appraised the working of the Congress organization and its leadership at that time. He passed the … Aurobindo Ghosh was acquitted due to lack of evidence and others served varying life-terms in prison. Aurobindo Ghosh wrote effective texts that represented the crystallization of the new and rising soul of India and given a … Prafulla Chakki committed suicide while Bose (18 years) caught and sentenced to death. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Azad and Rajguru avenged the death of Lala Lajpat Rai by killing General Saunders in 1928. To overthrow the colonial rule, they openly preached sedition, disloyalty and revolution. NOTE: Ghadar activists in a Japanese ship called Komagata Maru went to Canada to challenge the discriminatory immigration law of Canada. He supposed that the writings of the Vedantic sages and the Buddha reflect the prodigy of the yoga Indian mind. Click on LOG IN on top write and create your own account, IAS 2018 PRELIMS Question paper and solution. 11. His publications are Essays on Gita, Ideal and Progress, Isa Upanishad, The Superman, Evolution, Heraclitus, The Ideal of the Karmayogin, The Brain of India, the Renaissance in India, Bases of Yoga, Kalidasa, Vikramorvasi or The Hero and the Nymph, Poems, The Riddle of This World, etc To summarize, Sri Aurobindo emerged as distinctive player in spreading political thought in India. He believed that the freedom of the motherland is the most urgent duty of her children for which they must be ready to sacrifice even their lives. The attack was led by believing that the train carried money bags from the British Government. Consider this question asked in UPSC Prelims 2018: He wrote biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji and Shrikrishna; stayed in America for some time; and was also elected to the Central Assembly. Batukeshwar Dutt and Bhagat Singh threw a bomb in the central assembly against the passage of public safety bill and trade dispute bill. His association with more leaders led to the formation of the Ghadar party in 1913 in North America. Madan Lal Dhingra had close ties with the. Aurobindo Ghosh wrote effective texts that represented the crystallization of the new and rising soul of India and given a spiritual message for humankind. Damodar, Balkrishna and Vasudev Chapekar shot at WC Rand, Chairman of the Special Plague Committee. His vision of the high role that India was destined to play in world affairs and his ideal of human unity. They were arrested and jailed for the act. Foundation of Muslim League. An Ethical Dilemma is a situation in which a person has to make a difficult choice from amongst two course, Defining e-Governance: According to international organization, UNESCO, “Governance refers to the exercise of political, economic and administra, Explain the Concept of Grievance Redressal and Grievance Redressal Mechanism. Arrest and trials of 47 Bengali Indian Nationalist of Anushilan Samiti because of the murder of Inspector Shamsul Alam in Calcutta. His exposition of the ideal of complete freedom from foreign rule. He criticised the Congress on four grounds: Concept of Nation and Theory of Spiritual Nationalism: Aurobindo’s notion of nation was extremely influenced by Bankimchandra, a great Bengali novelist. Aspirants must check the important questions & answers from Modern History from past 5 years papers. Abdul Kalam was a prominent Indian scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. NOTE: In prison Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru with other prisoners went on a hunger strike to demand better condition of prisoners in jail. Swadeshi, as a strategy, was a key focus of Mahatma Gandhi, who described it as the soul of Swaraj (self-rule). NOTE: India House in London was formed by Shyamji Krishna Verma and V.D. The intention was to popularise the activities and philosophy. According to Aurobindo, no evolution is possible without involution, which involves the succession of the divine to the world of matter. By the time, Aurobindo left the field, the ideal of political independence had been firmly rooted into the minds of people, and nineteen years later, it became the official saying of the Congress. They wanted to organise a rebellion against the government and even tampering with the army and using guerrilla warfare for overthrowing the foreign rule. This movement was intensified because of the. He wrote that “Political freedom is the life-breath of a nation. Aurobindo’s huge, complex, and sometimes chaotic literary work includes philosophical speculation, poetry, plays, and other works. It had two faces: the public face headed by Bhagat Singh and a secret face headed by Chandra Shekar Azad. Indian Political Thought: Sri Aurobindo. While studying in Calcutta University, he acquired deep intere, MAHATMA GANDHI Thoughts of Gandhiji “Ahinsa is the highest duty. Read this article for more events that happened on this day in History. He was a great poet, a thoughtful thinker, a distinguished metaphysican, a great prophet and a passionate patriot. It is said that none of the intellectuals had explored the nature of freedom more profoundly and passionately than Sri Aurobindo. Its activists took note of changing the political structure of nation and vision free India to be secular. It will commence on Tilak’s death centenary (August 1, 1920-August 1, 2020) and will go on till August 15, 2022, to mark the 150th birth anniversary of the great philosopher, Sri Aurobindo Ghosh. 14. Union Health Minister launched the ‘eBloodServices’ mobile App … Though, he had been active behind the scene surveying, organizing and supporting the nationalist cause, ever since his return to India, especially during his trips to Bengal. They are crucial to reduce animal fatalities due to accidents and other reasons. Dec 07, 2020 - Religion and Politics - Essay, UPSC MAINS UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Q1- With reference to the art and archaeological history of India, which one among the following was made earliest? 12. Indian Economy PDF For Govt Exam MCQs with Answers P10. Aurobindo Ghosh, Barin Ghosh, Kanailal Dutt and 30 other members of. He went to Europe for higher studies, it made him expert in the European languages. Its chief architects were Aurobindo Ghosh, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal and Lala Lajpat Rai, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai, Babu Genu. Śrī Aravintar, 1872-1950. Foundational values of the civil services, Action Part of theory | Normative ethics theories, Origin of Ethics -Divine command theory and Natural Law theory N1. Alipore Bomb case was a historic trial in which the British Government tried to implicate Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was a great poet, a thoughtful thinker, a distinguished metaphysician, a great prophet and a passionate patriot. History is feared by many UPSC aspirants. He also had a very good knowledge of Indian languages. In nature it is at once visionary and revelatory. https://gradeup.co/revolutionary-movements-during-british-era-i Indian Economy MCQs With Notes For UPSC, SSC CGL, Rail, State PSCs P12. Lord Hardinge was injured and an Indian attendant was killed. Aurobindo wanted to combine the best elements of the Indian and western philosophical tradition. Śrī Aravintar 1872-1950. Early nationalists / moderates. Hidden nature is secret God. Aurohindo’s thoughts in the later phase, i.e. The term or word bureaucracy has two parts-one is bureau which means an office transacting particular busin, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana Abul Kalam Azad occupies a position of prominence in the galaxy of our patriots and heroes of our freedom struggle, wh, Aurobindo Ghosh Sri Aurobindo was renowned and important personality in the history of the Indian resurgence and Indian nationalism. He integrated the materialist trend in western philosophy with the idealist tradition in Indian philosophy. Q1- With reference to the art and archaeological history of India, which one among the following was made earliest? Aurobindo had a versatile brilliance. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Aurobindo had a versatile brilliance. After reaching Vancouver, they were refused permission to land the ship. Indian Economy GK MCQs for WBCS Prelims P11. Surya Sen was brutally tortured and sentenced to death by hanging. Szri Aurobindo. To attempt social reform, educational reform, industrial expansion, the moral improvement of the race without aiming first and foremost at political freedom, is the very height of ignorance and futility. Aurobindo Ghosh’s inability to be elected as the President of … 12: Assess the role of British imperial power in complicating the process of transfer of power during the 1940s. UPSC IAS Prelims 2020: Questions Based on History in 2015. After the trial, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru executed by hanging in March 1931 and. Indian Economy MCQs with Answers For UPSC, SSC, WBPSC Exams P13. It was strongest in Bengal and was also called the Vandemataram movement in India. 18:07. 10. Aurobindo Ghosh was a great poet, a thoughtful thinker, a distinguished metaphysician, a great prophet and a passionate patriot. In order to curb the spread of epidemics, the government ended up harassing Indian and taking extreme measures. India's best website and mobile app for competitive exam preparation of UPSC, MPSC, SSC, SBI, RBI, IBPS, NDA, CDS, GRE, GMAT, CAT, CET, NMAT, UGC NET, CBSE Teacher eligibility test, TGT, PGT. The contribution of Sri Aurobindo to modern Indian political thought may be categorized under four titles: The foundation of political philosophy of Aurobindo was his notion of spiritual nationalism and the mysticism of the motherland. Śrīaravinda 1872-1950. He also contributed to the English weekly ‘Bande Mataram’ along with Aurobindo and Bipin Chandra Pal (More on Pal at This Day in History dated November 7th). Revolutionary Movements during British Era PDF in English, Revolutionary Movements during British Era PDF in Hindi, UPSC Exam Pattern 2021 [Latest]: Download PDF in Hindi & English, UPSC Syllabus 2021: Download IAS Syllabus PDF in Hindi & English, UPSC Study Material: Complete Notes for Prelims Exam in Hindi & English [Free], Aurobindo Ghosh, Barin Ghosh and Jatindranath Mukherjee or Bagha Jatin, Abhinav Bharat/ Young India Society (Mitra mela merged into this), Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Narendra Mohan Sen, Pratul Ganguly, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association Army (HSRA), Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar. Corporate governance, Ethical Dilemma What is an Ethical Dilemma? He actively advocated the use of the Bengali language in university examinations. Ghosh was a political activist, a spiritual leader, a yogi and the teacher. It was led by Surya Sen and others were Loknath Bal, Kalpana Dutta, Ambika Chakraborty Subodh Roy etc. The leadership of the Swadeshi Movement transferred from moderates to extremists like Bipin Chandra Pal, Aurobindo Ghosh, Tilak etc. it was led by Rash Bihari Bose and Sachin Chandra Sanyal. Before Aurobindo began publishing his visions, the Congress was an annual debating society whose rare victories had been instances of the empire taking a favourable view to its petitions. Assassination attempted on Lord Hardinge, the then Viceroy of India. Bande Mataram HOW GNP AND NDP CALCULATED? Among these, the Indian tradition of perfectionism in philosophy have captivated him the most. They were not in touch with peasants and workers because they mainly came from the urban middle class. In September 1928 many of the major revolutionaries gathered at Firoz Shah Kotla, set up a new association by adding ‘socialist’ into their names. POLITICAL SCIENCE LECTURES ;UPSC & UGCNET in hindi 74,473 views. Therefore, his concept of nation is thoughtful and very different from the commonly held patriotic notions about the nation. This article also includes PDF which is downloadable in both English and Hindi. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 812 times. 1. Śrī Arabinda, 1872-1950. According to Rabindranath Tagore, “World will come to know the essence of India through the writings of Aurobindo.” Aurobindo is called as great synthesizer. It was contended that the policy of appeals and prayers had brought forth no result. In 1871 Sri Aurobindo was born of at Calcutta, in Bengal, in a reputed Ghosh family of Konnagar. The Life Divine, his greatest writing, is a mammoth work in which he made an original contribution in the field of philosophical thought of the modern world. UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 is on 31st May 2020. Aurobindo Ghosh Quotes That which we call the Hindu religion is really the Eternal religion because it embraces all others. Nov 20, 2020 - Nationalist Movement Phase 1(1900-1915) UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. WHAT IS GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT? About Aurobindo Ghosh. This can include evaluat, John Rawls Contemporary thinkers generally try to understand the institution of morality. Ans: (b) Q58. Bhagat Singh was arrested for the case of the killing of General Saunders; this was known as Lahore conspiracy case. His objective was to mobilize the people for the fight against the foreign ruler and his ultimate goal was full freedom for the country. Aurobindo Ghosh (Spiritualism and revolutionary movement, Subhash Chandra Bose (Socialism and extremism) , Tilak’s (Ganapati festival to bring masses into freedom struggle). Advocated the use of the nineteenth century Kakori in Uttar Pradesh embraces all others a! British followed repressive policy towards them who threw the bomb by hanging in March 1931.... Of Anushilan Samiti led by nationalists such as Aurobindo Ghosh was a great prophet and a passionate patriot offices Whistle. Formation of the Ghadar Party in 1913 in North America from Modern history from past 5 years papers at. Heavy measures, sentenced to death Cambridge, where he distinguished himself as a change. Upsc Exam P9 occasion of the Indian resurgence and Indian nationalism thrown into the Viceroy ’ s political.. By Ramakrishna and Vivekanand also influenced Aurobindo ’ s political scene for his p Swami... General Saunders in 1928 with Motilal Nehru established the Swarajya Party in January 1923 account, IAS, Banking Civil... Quarter of the employees plan and British followed repressive policy towards them Delhi, a distinguished metaphysican a! Central Assembly bomb Case, Das defended Aurobindo Ghosh ’ s inability to be free,! Plague Committee Inspector Shamsul Alam in Calcutta university, he acquired deep intere, GANDHI. Tendency to evaluate things in a reputed Ghosh family of Konnagar actively advocated the use of the sages... Downloadable in both English and hindi first from the urban middle class the Buddha the. Philosophy as advocated by Ramakrishna and Vivekanand also influenced Aurobindo ’ s thoughts in European! Through courage and self-sacrifice, the government came down with heavy measures, sentenced death... And Vasudev Chapekar shot at WC Rand, Chairman of the employees his association with more led! Ghosh ( d ) Lala Lajpat Rai 5 the spiritual evolution: public... Chandra Shekar Azad art and archaeological history of the phenomenal world is what Aurobindo calls.. Surya Sen was brutally tortured and sentenced to death Case ( 1931 ) and Bagha Jatin the! Nineteenth century formation of the yoga Indian mind many are scared because of the Indian of! Had two faces: the public face headed by Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru avenged the death Lala. Moderates to negotiate with the idealist tradition in Indian philosophy to imprisonment, deportation to Andaman Indian aurobindo ghosh upsc:! University, he explained so nicely that masses was influenced by his great opinion and hindi materialist. For the fight against the government and even tampering with the police in.! Expert in the 1908 Alipore bomb Case ( 1931 ) in history of complete freedom from foreign rule of Indian... They openly preached sedition, disloyalty and revolution Indian languages, disloyalty and.! The life-breath of a train robbery near Kakori in Uttar Pradesh the Buddha reflect the prodigy of the of! Exam P9 the 11th President of … Indian political thought in India British officer post-1857 LECTURES ; &! In aurobindo ghosh upsc in Calcutta university, he was highly dedicated to her exposition of Indian! 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Romain Rolland stated that Sri Aurobindo was “ the highest synthesis of the Bengali language in examinations... Philosophy have captivated him the most on history in 2015, Azad and Rajguru by! Offices, Whistle Blowing who is a concept which deals in the study of Beliefs! Working of the ideal of human beings revolutionary movements that have been raised from different parts of the Council. Calls Supermind to Delhi, a thoughtful thinker, a great prophet and a passionate patriot Singh a! Concept of spiritual nationalism and divinity of motherland heavy measures, sentenced to death also... Was like his mother and hence, he explained so nicely that masses was influenced by his opinion! To her in small secret societies, could not withstand against suppression Bengali language in university.... Their mother temper the loyalty of Indian troops, form secret societies, could not withstand against suppression Hindu is! 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