The Methodist Church used circuit ridersto reach people in frontier locations. In the midst of rapid social change, people turned to religion. ...The Second Great Awakening was a revival movement that had occurred in the 1730s with the goal of creating a Protestant creed that would maintain the idea of Christian community in a period of rapid individualism and competition. The Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening gained much interest by its support of important theological themes such as salvation and the church’s role in society. It led to frequent economic busts and booms, and even posed a challenge to the structures of families. http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age-... How was the American reform movement influenced by religious beliefs? A desire to reform the … Perhaps equally important was his influence upon young men such as Barton W. Stone and William McGee. A) The rise of democratic and individualistic beliefs, a response to rationalism, and changes to society caused by the market revolution, along with greater social and geographical mobility, contributed to a Second Great Awakening among Protestants that influenced moral and social reforms and inspired utopian and other religious movements. 1) Increased church membership 2) Worked against social injustice 3) Temperance movement (anti-alcohol) OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved, Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on May 5, 2020. Definitions of the term and assessments of the causes, contours, and effects of the Awakening are in dispute, but a number of basic features are generally agreed upon. The Second Great Awakening laid the foundations of the development of present-day religious beliefs and establishments, moral views, and democratic ideals in the United States. Updated December 10, 2019 The Second Great Awakening (1790–1840) was a time of evangelical fervor and revival in the newly formed nation of America. need to go back to earlier revivals and the current social environment of the 1800's. The Awakening lasted some 50 years, from the 1790s to the 1840s, and spanned the entire United States. People realized that not everyone was truly equal and wanted to work to change it. The Second Great Awakening began in 1800, t he movement spread through southern Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee. Causes of the Second Great Awakening? Characteristics of this period include widespread conversions, increased church activity, social activism, and the emergence of new Christian denominations. Most of the religious revivals in the West occurred as camp meetings and also served as social gatherings with the opportunity to trade. The first camp meeting occurred in south-central Kentucky in June 1800. The British colonies were settled by many individuals who were looking for a place to worship their Christian religion free from persecution. This lead to the practice of the same religion but it caused for the church to become boring. For many Americans, especially middle-class Northerners, this meant a shift to the individualism and the "perfectionism" of preachers like Charles Grandison Finney. The Second Great Awakening & Reforms From the 2015 and 2017 Revised Framework: Causation Students will be able to… Describe causes or effects of a specific historical development or process. The Second Great Awakening was extremely important as it led to the establishment of reform movements to address injustices and alleviate suffering such as the Temperance Movement, the Women's suffrage Movement and the Abolitionist Movement in which people advocated for emancipation on religious grounds. Th… Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentucky, the revival energized Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists, and gave rise to the popular ca… Abolition, temperance, access to education, marriage equality, voting rights, and prison reform all became issues of social improvement brought on by a belief in equality before god and individual control over salvation through good works as was laid out in the 2 nd Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform and an emphasis on salvation by institutions. The second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement in the United States during the 19th Century. In northern New England, social activism took precedence; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations. The causes of the Second Great Awakening included the social disruptions of the Market Revolution, the democratization of … Half a century earlier the First Great Awakening occured, was  a worldwide movement within Protestant Christianity and revitalization movement that had swept Protestant Europe and British America (American Colonies) in the 1730-40's, leaving a big and permanent impact on American Protestantism. These camp meetings and tent revivals were important, as a religious fever pitch seemed to spread as the country grew. Effects of the Second Great Awakening? The following day, two circuit-riding Methodist ministers arrived and emotionally exhorted the crowd. It arose in several places and in several active forms. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans. Many churches experienced a great increase in membership, and the revival stimulated moral reforms, such as the temperance movement. The Second Great Awakening transformed American religion and society in a number of ways and can be traced to a number of interrelated causes. The American Revolution left more than just a legacy of government. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Log in here. People did not have the time or the inclination for worship. Included in this was the abolition movement that had the hope of a nation where slavery was non existent. In the West, the Second Great Awakening began with James McGready (1762?–1817). As our book mentions, the Second Great Awakening was “one of the most momentous episodes in the history of American religious. The Great Camp Meetings. This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology. What caused the Second Great Awakening? Still others, like the followers of Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, turned to a faith that emphasized what they perceived as traditional values of patriarchalism and order. he believed that women should also be able to participate in the Anti-Slavery Society. The Second Great Awakening led to a period of antebellum social reform an… Matthews addresses the origins of the Second Great Awakening, as well as the characteristics that distinguish this movement. William Lloyd Garrison Garrison wanted immediate emancipation for all slaves and felt that the constitution was a pro slavery document. How did the Second Great Awakening affect the evolution of women's roles in society in 1815-1860? The camp-meetings featured zealous preachers who applied Christian teaching to the resolution of the social problems of the day. What role did the second great awakening have in forming American Nationalism in the 19th century? The Second Great Awakening can be divided into three phases. Already a member? Second Great Awakening As a result of the Second Great Awakening (a series of revivals in the 1790s-early 1800s), the dominant form of Christianity in America became evangelical Protestantism Membership in the major Protestant churches—Congregational, Presbyterian, Baptist, and Methodist—soared McGready was a stirring preacher and under his ministry an extensive awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791. During the first half of the 1800's Second Great Awakening LEQ Kissell2 The Second Great Awakening was a time in the United States of religious reforms that also caused many other reform groups to become very prominent. The Second Great Awakening began in 1800, t. ave rise to the popular camp meeting, a chance for isolated frontier folk to gather and enjoy the excitement of evangelistic fervor. http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nineteen/nkeyi... http://www.americanyawp.com/text/10-religion-and-reform/. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. More than a few Americans embraced... (The entire section contains 4 answers and 1109 words.). Baptists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. Other religions were put to rest. One way of understanding the Second Great Awakening is in the context of sweeping social changes of the era. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! Exuberant revivalist meetings ignited the interest in religion. The causes of the Second Great Awakening included the social disruptions of the Market Revolution, the democratization of American culture, and a sincere belief among many religious leaders that American Christians were lapsing in their zeal for the faith. In 1790 the doctor Benjamin Rush published An Inquiry Into the Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon the Human Body and Mind in which he argued that alcohol causes physical and mental damage. His abolitionist newspaper was called "The Liberator." The Second Great Awakening (1790–1840) was a time of evangelical fervor and revival in the newly formed nation of America. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. The Second Great Awakening as an Organizing Process. James McGready, a Presbyterian, and two colleagues preached for three solid days. The Second Great Awakening, which started in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century, was a conservative response to what many felt was a … For other anxious people, it simply meant that the fervor, more than the message, of tent revivalist preachers (who were mostly Baptists and Methodists) resonated with them. I'm writing a paper, and I don't know much about... What is the significance of Charles Grandison Finney? The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. The United States was rapidly expanding, both territorially and economically. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. The first missionary women of America and women’s suffrage were the products of the egalitarianism of the Second Great Awakening. Not long after the war had overthrown the King … How did the Second Great Awakening affect the temperance movement. It followed the First Great Awakening of colonial America. The Second Great Awakening was unlike the first, in that many people were converted into different sects of Christianity through camp meetings and tent revivals. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Perhaps the most helpful way to begin understanding it is by emphasizing how different the dominant strains of Protestantism in 1850 were from those of the 1700s. Matthews’s article also addresses prevailing scholarly views of the Second Great Awakening, though it should be noted that the article appeared in 1969. It also established the Church of England as the reigning church of the country. The Market Revolution changed the way many Americans lived, worked, and consumed things. Pulled away from rituals and made Christianity personal to the average person, by encouraging a commitment to new standards of personal morality. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime. Key Terms Methodists : A movement of Protestant Christianity represented by a number of denominations and organizations, claiming a total of approximately 70 million adherents worldwide; the movement traces its roots to John Wesley’s evangelistic revival movement within Anglicanism. The Second Great Awakening was a period of religious revival in the United States between 1790 and the 1840s. The Second Great Awakening was a period of religious revival in the United States that began around 1790 and peaked in the 1820s and 1830s. The temperance movement was a movement to get rid of alcohol consumption in the nation because they … We have already mentioned the most important causes for the beginning of the Great Awakening; there were significantly fewer church attendances throughout the country, many people were also bored and unsatisfied with the way the sermons were conducted, and they criticized the lack of enthusiasm from their preachers. The Second Great Awakening was caused by the separation of church and state, industrialism, and western expansion, which are all outside factors, ultimately showing that the Second Great Awakening’s purpose was to change personal life in order to fit rapidly changing America. Many people in the U.S. were convinced to more actively dedicate their lives to God and to live in a godly manner. Second Great Awakening A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. As a result, church attendance increased during the first half of the nineteenth century. The revivals encouraged people to return to God. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. Top subjects are History, Law and Politics, and Social Sciences, Top subjects are History, Literature, and Social Sciences, Latest answer posted January 06, 2020 at 1:22:46 AM, Latest answer posted August 18, 2018 at 12:54:45 PM, Latest answer posted April 10, 2012 at 11:09:05 PM, Latest answer posted February 15, 2016 at 3:30:45 AM, Latest answer posted April 08, 2020 at 8:32:36 PM. 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